Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.

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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.

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Term (Index) Definition
semiconductor device  vert braod term; essentially any homogenous or multilayer piece of semiconductor material which is processed in such way that it can perform in the controlled fashion predetermined electronic (e.g. diode, transistor, monolithic integrated circuit) or photonic (e.g. LED, laser) function.
diode  in general, a two-terminal element displaying asymmetric (rectifying) current-voltage characteristics; large current flows under the forward bias, very small current flows under the reverse bias; realized either as a vacuum diode or semiconductor diode; semiconductor diode requires built-in potential barrier heights of which depends on the applied voltage (bias); potential barrier at the p-n junction makes a p-n junction diode while potential barrier at the metal-semiconductor junction makes a Schottky diode.
transistor  three-terminal semiconductor device in which input signal (voltage or current depending on the type of transistor) controls output current; the most important semiconductor device; performs switching and amplifying functions; early on replaced bulky and inefficient vacuum triode in electronic circuits; invention of transistor (Schockley, Brattain and Bardeen, 1947) triggered electronic revolution after the World Word II; can operate as a discrete device or a building cell of integrated circuits; numerous kinds of transistors can be distinguished based on their design and principles of operation; there are two types of transistors: unipolar (field-effect transistor, or FET) and bipolar.

Reference: See history of transistor
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Jerzy Ruzyllo is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University.

This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.

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Created and operated by J. Ruzyllo. Copyright J. Ruzyllo 2001-2016. All rights reserved.

Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.