Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.

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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.

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Term (Index) Definition
photovoltaic effect,  generation of a potential difference(open circuit voltage) at the terminals of an unbiased semiconductor diode (almost uniquely a p-n junction, altough, in principle, also a metal-semiconductor junction) as a result of illumination with light featuring energy higher than the energy gap (Eg) of semiconductor; fundation of the semiconductor solar cells operation.
Open-circuit voltage  voltage of irradiated solar cell measured between open output terminals
short-circuit current  current of irradiated solar cell with shorted output.
solar cell  two-terminal semiconductor device which converts solar light into electric signal; requires presence of potential barrier within semiconductor which is typically accomplished by the formation of a p-n junction; potential barrier separates hole and electrons generated by irradiation of semiconductor establishing different potential at device terminals; because of the low cost, solar cells using amorphous silicon are the very common in spite of the fact that their efficiency is lower than efficiency of solar cells made out of polycrystalline, multicrystalline or single-crystal silicon; semiconductors other than Si are also used to manufacture solar cells.
photovoltaics,  a domain in semiconductor science and engineering dealing with devices converting energy of electromagnetic radiation (light) into electrical signal via a photo-voltaic effect, i.e. the effect in which such conversion occurs with no external bias applied to device terminals; concept of a solar cell is based on the photo-voltaic principles.
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Jerzy Ruzyllo is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University.

This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.

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Created and operated by J. Ruzyllo. Copyright J. Ruzyllo 2001-2016. All rights reserved.

Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.