Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.

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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.

Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.

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Term (Index) Definition
phototransistor  a bipolar transistor, typically heterojunction, in which collector-base junction is a p-i-n junction acting as photodetector.
photoelectric effect  energy of radiation is converted into electric current in the irradiated semiconductor; energy of radiation must be greater than semiconductor energy gap.
transistor  three-terminal semiconductor device in which input signal (voltage or current depending on the type of transistor) controls output current; the most important semiconductor device; performs switching and amplifying functions; early on replaced bulky and inefficient vacuum triode in electronic circuits; invention of transistor (Schockley, Brattain and Bardeen, 1947) triggered electronic revolution after the World Word II; can operate as a discrete device or a building cell of integrated circuits; numerous kinds of transistors can be distinguished based on their design and principles of operation; there are two types of transistors: unipolar (field-effect transistor, or FET) and bipolar.

Reference: See history of transistor
photodiode  two-terminal device with built-in potential barrier; typically p-n junction often in p-i-n version; its reverse current changes upon illumination with light featuring energy higher than semiconductor's energy gap.
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Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.