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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


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Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.


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Term (Index) Definition
ionization  process in which an atom is converted into an ion by giving away one or more of its electrons.
Term (Index) Definition
impact ionization  generation of electron-hole pairs in semiconductor due to a collision of high kinetic energy species with an atom in a lattice.
electron-hole pair  whenever electron acquires energy sufficient to "move" from the valence band to the conductiorn band a free hole is created in the valence band, and hence, electron-hole pair is generated; when electron and hole recombine, electron-hole pair is anihilated.
Term (Index) Definition
ionization energy  energy needed to ionize dopant atom in semiconductor, i.e. to have dopant atom to release one free electron (donor) or one free hole (acceptor).
doping  introduction of dopant into semiconductor for the purpose of altering its electrical properties; allows control of resistivity/conductivity of semiconductor by several orders of magnitude; also used to convert p-type material into n-type material and vice versa.
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Jerzy Ruzyllo is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University.



This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.


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Created and operated by J. Ruzyllo. Copyright J. Ruzyllo 2001-2016. All rights reserved.

Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.