Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.
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Term (Index) Definition
ion implantation  ions accelerated toward solid surface penetrate solid up to certain depth (see "projected range") determined by ion energy; used to introduce dopants, to form buried layers and to modify solid surfaces; concentration of implanted dopant atoms depends on ion dose; i.i. is the most common technique of dopant introduction in advanced semiconductor manufacturing.

Reference: See ion implantation animation
doping  introduction of dopant into semiconductor for the purpose of altering its electrical properties; allows control of resistivity/conductivity of semiconductor by several orders of magnitude; also used to convert p-type material into n-type material and vice versa.
dose  typically understood as implantation dose; number of ions crossing one cm2 of the surface of the implanted solid; controlled by ion beam current and implantation time.
implantation energy  kinetic energy of implanted ions established through acceleration; determines depth of solid penetration by the ions, and hence, depth of junction formed; quantitatively expressed by projected range Rp.
implantation damage  during ion implantation accelerated ions collide with atoms in the target material and displace them from their original lattice sites; after implantation crystallographic order of the implanted material is being restored by a brief anneal (typically RTP) at the temperature of 800 oC or higher.
projected range  term used in ion implantation terminology; p.r. is a distance from the surface of implanted material at which implanted ions reach maximum concentration (concentration peak).
Term (Index) Definition
Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation, PIII  very shallow implantation taking place when the wafer is "immersed" in plasma containing dopant ions; ions are not accelerated toward the substrate, and hence, penetration depth is very shallow; can be used to form ultra-shallow junctions.
doping  introduction of dopant into semiconductor for the purpose of altering its electrical properties; allows control of resistivity/conductivity of semiconductor by several orders of magnitude; also used to convert p-type material into n-type material and vice versa.
ion implantation  ions accelerated toward solid surface penetrate solid up to certain depth (see "projected range") determined by ion energy; used to introduce dopants, to form buried layers and to modify solid surfaces; concentration of implanted dopant atoms depends on ion dose; i.i. is the most common technique of dopant introduction in advanced semiconductor manufacturing.

Reference: See ion implantation animation
plasma  ionized gas, specifically a self-contained part of the electrical discharge in gases featuring equal concentration of ions and electrons; plasma contains electrically active species, but as a whole is electrically neutral; ions can be extracted from plasma to play variety of important functions in semiconductor processing.
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