Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.

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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.

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Term (Index) Definition
Zener tunneling  see Zener effect.
tunneling, tunneling current  transport of electron across the potential barrier without changing its energy; as opposed to electron transport "over" the barrier (thermionic emission) in which case its energy is must be changed; tunneling probability is a strong function of the width ofpotential barrier; examples: tunneling across the potential barrier at the metal-semiconductor contact, or across the potential barrier at the p-n junction, or across an oxide (direct tunneling for oxide thinner than about 3 nm, Fowler-Nordheim tunneling for oxide 5-10 nm thick) in MOS structure.
Zener effect  occurs in heavily doped p-n junctions at high reverse-bias voltage; energy bands in the junction region are sloped in such way that electron may tunnel directly from the valence band in n-type region to the conduction band in p-type region causing rapid increase of curreent; may cause breakdown of p-n junction but also can be used in a controlled fashion to make a functional device (Zener diode).
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Jerzy Ruzyllo is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University.

This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.

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Created and operated by J. Ruzyllo. Copyright J. Ruzyllo 2001-2016. All rights reserved.

Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.