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Sunday, June 6, 2021

#471 Wafer bonding

 Wafer bonding is a process which permanently bonds (fuses) two wafers into a single mechanically coherent substrate without using adhesives.  This versatile technique allows formation of semiconductor substrates which are difficult to obtain using other methods. 


fer bonding technology can solve variety of problems. For instance, not all semiconductors can be obtained as single-crystals in the size and shape compatible with wafering. With wafer bonding, pieces of such material can be bonded to larger wafer which will provide mechanical support and facilitate its during device fabrication processes.


In the process of wafer bonding two wafers featuring the same chemical com position and crystallographic structure, for instance two silicon wafers, or two single-crystal wafers of different materials featuring mismatched crystal lattices, for instance GaN and Si, can be bonded into a single substrate. Furthermore, in wafer bonding technology two wafers involved do not have to be semiconductors. Bonding wafers of silicon and sapphire, which when bonded form a silicon-on-sapphire (SOS) substrate, is an example.



 For more on susbtrates used in semiconductor manufacturib check here.

Posted by Jerzy Ruzyllo at 12:07 PM | Semiconductors | Link is a personal blog of Jerzy Ruzyllo. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University. With over forty years' experience in academic research and teaching in semiconductor engineering he has a unique perspective on the developments in this technical domain and enjoys blogging about it.

This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.

With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


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