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Sunday, December 17, 2017

#380 What is "semiconductor device"?

The term “semiconductor device” is referring to the piece or a thin-film of semiconductor material, combined as needed with thin layers of insulators and conductors, which is configured in such way that it can perform in the controlled fashion predetermined electronic, photonic, or electro-mechanical functions. Electronic functions are performed by electronic devices which operation is based on the interactions of electric charge carriers and in which electrons are acting as information/energy carriers. Term photonic devices is concerned with devices involving interactions of photons (“packets” of electromagnetic energy carried by light) and in which photons are acting as information/energy carriers.  Finally, electro-mechanical devices are taking advantage of the mechanical characteristics, such as elasticity and fracture toughness of some semiconductor materials, silicon in particular.

 

In contrast to electronic and photonic functions,  which involve interactions solely within semiconductor material systems, electro-mechanical functions require involvement of solids capable of converting mechanical action into electrical signal such as piezoelectrics which convert mechanical stress into electrical signal and vice versa.

 

Posted by Jerzy Ruzyllo at 03:15 PM | Semiconductors | Link



Semi1source.com/blog is the personal blog of Jerzy Ruzyllo. With over 35 years of experience in academic research and teaching in the area of semiconductor engineering (currently holding position of a Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering and Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State University), he has a unique perspective on the developments in this progress driving technical domain and enjoys blogging about it.



With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.






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