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Sunday, October 12, 2014

#308 Semiconductor related Noble Prizes in physics

As the Nobel Prize in physics covers rather broad range of physics related scientific disciplines it is  nice to see it rewarding from time to time achievements related directly to semiconductor device science and engineering.


As you probably know the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics went to  Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources".


Most of the Nobel Prizes in physics are somehow related to semiconductors. There are some directly related to semiconductors, but over the last 60 years I can see no more than six, including the current one, which could be called "semiconductor device Nobel prizes" becasue of their direct device implications . Here they are in the case you lost track of those milestones:


1956 - W. Shockley, J. Bardeen and W. Brattain "for their researches on semiconductors and their  discovery of the transistor effect"

1973 - L. Esaki and I. Giaever "for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"

2000 - Z. Alferov and H. Kreamer  for developing semiconductor heterojunctions used in high-speed and optoelectronics “ and J. Kilby "for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit"

2009 - W. Boyle and G. Smith "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor".

2010 - A. Geim and K. Novoselov  "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"

2014 – see above.


Not a bad list, you have to admit......


Posted by Jerzy Ruzyllo at 01:30 PM | Semiconductors | Link is the personal blog of Jerzy Ruzyllo. With over 35 years of experience in academic research and teaching in the area of semiconductor engineering (currently holding position of a Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering and Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State University), he has a unique perspective on the developments in this progress driving technical domain and enjoys blogging about it.

With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.

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