Semiconductor Glossary, Developed Semi OneSource.

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With over 2000 terms defined and explained, Semiconductor Glossary is the most complete reference in the field of semiconductors on the market today.


Including some 500 new terms defined and remaining terms updated and modified, a 2nd edition book version of this glossary is now available.

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Term (Index) Definition
wide bandgap semiconductor  semiconductor featuring energy gap Eg > 2.5 eV (rather arbitrary criterion), useful in high temperature applications and emission of blue radiation (should feature direct bandgap at the same time); e.g. SiC (Eg = 2.9 eV), GaN (Eg = 3.5 eV), ZnS (Eg = 3.68 eV)
gallium nitride, GaN  wide bandgap III-V semiconductor featuring direct bandgap 3.5 eV wide; among very few semiconductors capable of generating blue radiation; number one candidate for blue LEDs and lasers; see "GaN note" on for more information.

Reference: See Semiconductor Notes for more information on GaN
silicon carbide, SiC  semiconductor featuring energy gap Eg = 2.9 -3.05 eV (wide bandgap semiconductor), indirect bandgap; SiC can be obtained in several polytypes- most common hexagonal in the form of either 4H or 6H polytypes; parameters vary depending on polytype; higher than Si and GaAs electron saturation velocity; carrier mobility: electrons 100-500 cm2/Vs, holes 20 cm2/Vs; thermal conductivity 3 W/cmK (two times higher than Si); excellent semiconductor, however, difficult and expensive to fabricate in the form of single-crystal wafers; best suited for high power, high temperature devices; also limited use in photonic devices (e.g. substrate for GaN).

Reference: SemiOneSource,Notes
Zinc sulfide, ZnS  II-VI semiconductor, has a largest bandgap among semiconductors considered for practical applications (Eg = 3.68 eV) which in conjunctions with a bandgap being direct makes ZnS potentially attractive as a blue light emitter.
diamond  single-crystal carbon; material featuring outstanding semiconductor properties; wide bandgap semiconductor; in theory the best semiconductor, in practice very difficult to form in shapes and quantities compatible with manufacturing of semiconductor devices; also, restrictions on p-n junction formation due to the lack of adequate dopants.

Reference: More information on semiconductor materials
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Jerzy Ruzyllo is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Penn State University.

This book gives a complete account of semiconductor engineering covering semiconductor properties, semiconductor materials, semiconductor devices and their uses, process technology, fabrication processes, and semiconductor materials and process characterization.

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Created and operated by J. Ruzyllo. Copyright J. Ruzyllo 2001-2016. All rights reserved.

Information in this glossary is provided at the author's discretion. Any liability based on, or related to the contents of this glossary is disclaimed.